Ovariohysterectomy (Spaying) in Dogs

Ovariohysterectomy is the medical term for spaying or neutering female dogs. The procedure consists of surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus. If the ovaries are not removed, the bothersome heat periods still occur even though pregnancy is impossible. Surgery is usually performed at 6-9 months of age.

Though it is routinely performed, ovariohysterectomy is a major abdominal surgery requiring general anesthesia and sterile operating technique.

Prevention of pregnancy and heat periods are the main reasons for surgery, but the procedure is also performed in treating severe uterine infections, ovarian and uterine tumors, and some skin disorders.

What are the benefits

There will be no more heat periods.
There will be no unwanted puppies.
Spaying eliminates dangerous uterine infections which are common in unspayed dogs.
Mammary gland cancer seldom develops in dogs spayed before their first heat.

Frequently Asked Questions

Will it make my dog fat and lazy? No. Obesity is due to excessive calorie intake. Weight can be controlled with proper feeding and exercise.

Will it change her disposition, personality or intelligence? Dog's personalities do not fully develop until 1-2 years of age. If there is a personality change after spaying at an early age, it would have occurred with or without the surgery.

Are there any problems associated with spaying? A very small percentage of dogs have trouble holding their urine as they become older. This is normally controllable with medication.

Shouldn't my dog have a litter first? No. There is no advantage in allowing your dog to have a litter of puppies.

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